International Law

Human Rights in International Law

Canadian lawyer John Peters Humphrey was the principal author of the UnitedJohn Peters Humprey - drafter of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.  Consequently, he was the first to enumerate what universal Human Rights are.

While the Declaration is merely a resolution and not a treaty, its principles are widely accepted worldwide. Therefore, it constitutes customary international law, and can be relied upon in Canadian and other domestic courts.

The Declaration strongly influenced Canadian domestic Human Rights legislation. In fact the first two articles of the Declaration form the foundation of Canadian Human Rights laws protecting equality and freedom from discrimination.

International Human Rights Treaties in Canada

Canada has also ratified the seven principal United Nations Conventions and Covenants concerning Human Rights: